Verse 11: And (Josh. 3:14, 17; 4:10-12) ye went over Jordan, and came unto Jericho: and (Josh. 6:1; 10:1; 14:1) the men of Jericho fought against you, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Girgashites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; and I delivered them into your hand.
[And the men of that city fought against you, the Amorite, בַּעֲלֵֽי־יְ֠רִיחוֹ הָֽאֱמֹרִ֙י] The men (lords [Tigurinus, Junius], inhabitants [Septuagint, Jonathan], citizens [Syriac, Arabic]) of Jericho, the Amorite, or, the Amorites, etc. (Munster, Pagnine, English, Dutch, Vatablus). Namely, the Amorites (Tigurinus). These had retreated into that city, so that they might resist the children of Israel; because that city was the key to the Holy Land (Vatablus, similarly Lyra). It is not strange that diverse Canaanites dwelt promiscuously in some places. Thus the valley of Mamre near Hebron was named after an Amorite men; nevertheless the sons of Heth were inhabiting Hebron, Genesis 23:3, 7, 16. Thus in Genesis 34:2, Hamor and Shechem are called Hivites; and yet the inhabitants of Shechem are called Canaanites and Perizzites, Genesis 34:30 (Bonfrerius). Others supply the and; the men of the city, and the Amorites, etc. (thus the Syriac, Arabic, Masius, Bonfrerius). For it is far more likely that it is here treated of all the wars waged, with Jordan crossed, and with all the nations in the land of Canaan destroyed: since to all these with the men of Jericho are common those things concerning the battle in this verse, and concerning the hornets in the following verse, which matter, because it was also touching the Trans-Jordanian Amorites, is also expressly added concerning them in the following verse (Bonfrerius). בַּעֲלֵֽי־יְ֠רִיחוֹ, the lords of Jericho, are here the nobles of that city, to whom the care of that commonwealth was pertaining (Masius, Kimchi in Drusius). I would prefer, the men of Jericho. Thus the בַּעֲלֵי בְרִית in Genesis 14:13 are elsewhere called אַנְשֵׁי בְרִית, the men of the covenant. But all doubt is completely removed in Judges 9:20, 23, 29, בַּעֲלֵי שְׁכֶם, the lords/men of Shechem, and in verse 51, וְכֹל֙ בַּעֲלֵ֣י הָעִ֔יר, and all the lords of the city. Thus Judges 20:5; 1 Samuel 23:11, 12; 2 Samuel 21:12 (Drusius). But how did the men of Jericho fight, since they remained within their walls? Responses: 1. They resisted by shutting up the gates (Drusius, Augustine in Masius, Vatablus). 2. They are said to fight because the prepared things necessary for battle (Bonfrerius). 3. They shot darts from the walls (Osiander): after the fall of the walls they fought (Menochius, Vatablus). 4. לחם often does not signify fight, but war, and of the peoples here mentioned some did nothing other than shut the gates (Grotius). 5. Or this word is referred to those that follow (Drusius). 6. I think that this is oratorical artiface, for he makes use of the language of war, since to the efforts of their adversaries he opposes the protection of God, which appears all the more powerful, the greater those enemies appear (Masius).
Fought against you; made opposition against you, by shutting their gates, by endeavouring to cut off your spies, etc.; they warred against you, if not by an offensive, yet by a defensive war. In the names of these nations he seems to comprise all their wars, which being so fresh in their memory, he thought it needless particularly to mention.
 Hebrew: וַתַּעַבְר֣וּ אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן֮ וַתָּבֹ֣אוּ אֶל־יְרִיחוֹ֒ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֣וּ בָכֶ֣ם בַּעֲלֵֽי־יְ֠רִיחוֹ הָֽאֱמֹרִ֙י וְהַפְּרִזִּ֜י וְהַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֗י וְהַֽחִתִּי֙ וְהַגִּרְגָּשִׁ֔י הַֽחִוִּ֖י וְהַיְבוּסִ֑י וָאֶתֵּ֥ן אוֹתָ֖ם בְּיֶדְכֶֽם׃
 See Genesis 13:19; 14:13.
 Genesis 14:13: “And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram (וְהֵ֖ם בַּעֲלֵ֥י בְרִית־אַבְרָֽם׃).”
 Judges 20:5: “And the men of Gibeah (בַּעֲלֵ֣י הַגִּבְעָ֔ה) rose against me, and beset the house round about upon me by night, and thought to have slain me: and my concubine have they forced, that she is dead.”
 1 Samuel 23:11, 12: “Will the men of Keilah (בַעֲלֵי֩ קְעִילָ֙ה) deliver me up into his hand? will Saul come down, as thy servant hath heard? O Lord God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy servant. And the Lord said, He will come down. Then said David, Will the men of Keilah (בַּעֲלֵ֧י קְעִילָ֛ה) deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the Lord said, They will deliver thee up.”
 2 Samuel 21:12a: “And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabesh-gilead (בַּעֲלֵ֖י יָבֵ֣ישׁ גִּלְעָ֑ד), which had stolen them from the street of Beth-shan…”