Chapter 6:2: The Captain’s Battle Plan, Part 1

Verse 2:[1] And the LORD said unto Joshua, See, (Josh. 2:9, 24; 8:1) I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the (Deut. 7:24) king thereof, and the mighty men of valour.

[The Lord said] Through the Angel (Grotius, Drusius, similarly Lapide, Bonfrerius). According to these the name of the one sending is placed upon the one sent, for the sake of authority. Or, the Lord, יְהוָה/Jehovah, which is the name of the Divine essence:[2] Which previously was the Prince of God’s host. Divine operations not rarely in the Sacred Books through a change of the names of God are secretly and covertly distinguished by the variety of persons (Masius).

[Behold, רְאֵה] See (Masius). Listen carefully (Vatablus). If I be not mistaken, it intimates that the hope and confidence of the General are already gradually breaking up. For it appears to communicate the signification of a victory unhoped for (Masius).

[I have given] He lays claim to a complete victory (Masius).

[Jericho] In this place, not the city, but its citizenry (that is, its citizens [Malvenda]) is signified, since Jericho, and its King, and its mighty men are mentioned (Masius, thus Drusius).

[Mighty men] Hebrew: men of might,[3] that is, most famous for their martial character (Vatablus).

Jericho, and the king thereof, and the might men of valour: Who are in it, resolved and ready to defend it with their utmost strength.

[1] Hebrew: וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־יְהוֹשֻׁ֔עַ רְאֵה֙ נָתַ֣תִּי בְיָֽדְךָ֔ אֶת־יְרִיח֖וֹ וְאֶת־מַלְכָּ֑הּ גִּבּוֹרֵ֖י הֶחָֽיִל׃.

[2] The name יְהוָה/Jehovah is derived from the verb of being, הָיָה.

[3] Hebrew: גִּבּוֹרֵ֖י הֶחָֽיִל׃.

2 thoughts on “Chapter 6:2: The Captain’s Battle Plan, Part 1

  1. Justin Martyr argues the Trinity from this passage with Trypho the Jew: “And the same sentiment was expressed, my friends, by the word of God [written] by Moses, when it indicated to us, with regard to Him whom it has pointed out, that God speaks in the creation of man with the very same design, in the following words: ‘Let Us make man after our image and likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the heaven, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over all the creeping things that creep on the earth. And God created man: after the image of God did He create him; male and female created He them. And God blessed them, and said, Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and have power over it.’ And that you may not change the [force of the] words just quoted, and repeat what your teachers assert,–either that God said to Himself, ‘Let Us make,’ just as we, when about to do something, oftentimes say to ourselves, ‘Let us make;’ or that God spoke to the elements, to wit, the earth and other similar substances of which we believe man was formed, ‘Let Us make,’–I shall quote again the words narrated by Moses himself, from which we can indisputably learn that [God] conversed with some one who was numerically distinct from Himself, and also a rational Being. These are the words: ‘And God said, Behold, Adam has become as one of us, to know good and evil.’ In saying, therefore, ‘as one of us,’ [Moses] has declared that [there is a certain] number of persons associated with one another, and that they are at least two. For I would not say that the dogma of that heresy which is said to be among you is true, or that the teachers of it can prove that [God] spoke to angels, or that the human frame was the workmanship of angels. But this Offspring, which was truly brought forth from the Father, was with the Father before all the creatures, and the Father communed with Him; even as the Scripture by Solomon has made clear, that He whom Solomon calls Wisdom, was begotten as a Beginning before all His creatures and as Offspring by God, who has also declared this same thing in the revelation made by Joshua the son of Nave (Nun). Listen, therefore, to the following from the book of Joshua, that what I say may become manifest to you; it is this: ‘And it came to pass, when Joshua was near Jericho, he lifted up his eyes, and sees a man standing over against him. And Joshua approached to Him, and said, Art thou for us, or for our adversaries? And He said to him, I am Captain of the Lord’s host: now have I come. And Joshua fell on his face on the ground, and said to Him, Lord, what commandest Thou Thy servant? And the Lord’s Captain says to Joshua, Loose the shoes off thy feet; for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. And Jericho was shut up and fortified, and no one went out of it. And the Lord said to Joshua, Behold, I give into thine hand Jericho, and its king, [and] its mighty men.'”

  2. Matthew Henry: “God resolves Israel shall be its master, and that quickly, The captain of the Lord’s host, here called Jehovah, taking notice how strongly Jericho was fortified and how strictly guarded, and knowing Joshua’s thoughts and cares about reducing it, and perhaps his fears of a disgrace there and of stumbling at the threshold, gave him here all the assurance he could desire of success (Joshua 6:2): See, I have given into thy hand Jericho. Not, “I will do it, but, I have done it; it is all thy own, as sure as if it were already in thy possession.” It was designed that this city, being the firstfruits of Canaan, should be entirely devoted to God, and that neither Joshua nor Israel should ever be one mite the richer for it, and yet it is here said to be given into their hand; for we must reckon that most our own which we have an opportunity of honouring God with and employing in his service.”

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