James 4:10: Remedies for Lusts, and Renewal of Relationship with God, Part 4

Verse 10:[1] (Job 22:29; Matt. 23:12; Luke 14:11; 18:14; 1 Pet. 5:6) Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.

[Be humbled, etc., ταπεινώθητε, etc.] In lowly supplications, עַנּוּ, in Leviticus 16:29[2] and elsewhere (Grotius). We have this word in Luke 3:5;[3] 14:11;[4] Philippians 2:8;[5] 4:12.[6] Hence ταπεινοφροσύνη/lowliness, Ephesians 4:2;[7] Philippians 2:3;[8] and ταπεινὸς τῇ καρδίᾳ, lowly in heart, Matthew 11:29 (Gataker). Humble, or lower, yourselves (that is, voluntarily, as Christ did, Philippians 2:8: For necessity holds no praise, 1 Corinthians 9:17 [Gataker]: Be ye cast down [Gataker], through humility of soul [Estius, thus Menochius, Gataker], which is the one way of recovering the friendship and favor of God, and of obtaining the lifiting up that ye seek [Estius]; which is ever wont to be joined with repentance [Menochius]) in the sight of the Lord (Piscator, Estius, etc.), that is, either, 1. before God, as in verse 7 (Estius); or, 2. truly and sincerely (Estius, Menochius), from the whole heart, deeply and profoundly (Tirinus). Whatever is such before God, is truly such (Estius). Or, 3. with great reverence for God (Menochius), under the mighty hand of God, as in 1 Peter 5:6 (Estius): or, before the Lord, that is, Christ (Grotius). Repentance subdues pride, and casts down high spirits. See Luke 5:8; 15:19, 21; 18:13 (Gataker).

Humble yourselves: the same duty pressed again, only with respect to the more internal part of it, the debasement of the heart, lest they should rest too much in the outward exercises before mentioned. They did lift up themselves through pride and emulation, and he shows them the best way to the truest exaltation, viz. humility, Matthew 23:12; Proverbs 15:33; 18:12. In the sight of the Lord; sincerely, as in the presence of the Searcher of hearts.

[And He shall exalt (or, lift up [Grotius]) you] He shall make you eminent with His gifts, concerning which James 1:17 (Grotius), inchoately in this world (Estius), by grace, and thereupon through external reputation and splendor (Tirinus), but perfectly (Estius) by glory in heaven (Tirinus, similarly Estius).

And he shall lift you up; as to your outward state and enjoyments, so far as God sees good for you; but, however, in grace here, and glory hereafter, Luke 14:11.

[1] Greek: ταπεινώθητε ἐνώπιον τοῦ Κυρίου, καὶ ὑψώσει ὑμᾶς.

[2] Leviticus 16:29:  “And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict (תְּעַנּוּ) your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you…”

[3] Luke 3:5a:  “Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low (ταπεινωθήσεται)…”

[4] Luke 14:11:  “For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased (ταπεινωθήσεται); and he that humbleth (ὁ ταπεινῶν) himself shall be exalted.”

[5] Philippians 2:8:  “And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled (ἐταπείνωσεν) himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.”

[6] Philippians 4:12:  “I know both how to be abased, and I know how to abound (ταπεινοῦσθαι):  every where and in all things I am instructed both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need.”

[7] Ephesians 4:2:  “With all lowliness (ταπεινοφροσύνης) and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love…”

[8] Philippians 2:3:  “Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind (τῇ ταπεινοφροσύνῃ) let each esteem other better than themselves.”

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