Joshua 11:14, 15: Joshua’s Obedience

Verse 14:[1] And all the spoil of these cities, and the cattle, the children of Israel took for a prey unto themselves; but every man they smote with the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed them, neither left they any to breathe.

 

Verse 15:[2] (Ex. 34:11, 12) As the LORD commanded Moses his servant, so (Deut. 7:2) did Moses command Joshua, and (Josh. 1:7) so did Joshua; he left nothing undone (Heb. he removed nothing[3]) of all that the LORD commanded Moses.

[Just as the Lord had commanded] The sense is, that he did nothing rashly either through anger, avarice, lust, etc., or neglected nothing through indolence and sloth (Masius).

[He did not neglect any of all the commandments, לֹֽא־הֵסִ֣יר דָּבָ֔ר מִכֹּ֛ל וגו״[4]] He did not remove (he did not make void [Syriac]) a word of all (Vatablus, Montanus); he detracted (or omitted [Pagnine]) nothing of all (Junius and Tremellius); in such a way that he did not take away anything, etc. (Tigurinus, similarly Munster).

[1] Hebrew: וְ֠כֹל שְׁלַ֞ל הֶעָרִ֤ים הָאֵ֙לֶּה֙ וְהַבְּהֵמָ֔ה בָּזְז֥וּ לָהֶ֖ם בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל רַ֣ק אֶֽת־כָּל־הָאָדָ֞ם הִכּ֣וּ לְפִי־חֶ֗רֶב עַד־הִשְׁמִדָם֙ אוֹתָ֔ם לֹ֥א הִשְׁאִ֖ירוּ כָּל־נְשָׁמָֽה׃

[2] Hebrew: כַּאֲשֶׁ֙ר צִוָּ֤ה יְהוָה֙ אֶת־מֹשֶׁ֣ה עַבְדּ֔וֹ כֵּן־צִוָּ֥ה מֹשֶׁ֖ה אֶת־יְהוֹשֻׁ֑עַ וְכֵן֙ עָשָׂ֣ה יְהוֹשֻׁ֔עַ לֹֽא־הֵסִ֣יר דָּבָ֔ר מִכֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה אֶת־מֹשֶֽׁה׃

[3] Hebrew: לֹֽא־הֵסִ֣יר דָּבָ֔ר.

[4] סוּר, to turn aside, in the Hiphil conjugation signifies to cause to turn aside, or to remove.

1 thought on “Joshua 11:14, 15: Joshua’s Obedience

  1. Matthew Henry: “That which was now done is here compared with that which had been said to Moses. God’s word and his works, if viewed and considered together, will mutually illustrate each other. It is here observed in the close…. That all the precepts God had given to Moses relating to the conquest of Canaan were obeyed on the people’s part, at least while Joshua lived. See how solemnly this is remarked (Joshua 11:15): As the Lord commanded Moses his servant, by whose hand the law was given, so did Moses command Joshua, for Moses was faithful, as a lawgiver, to him that appointed him; he did his part, and then he died: but were the commands of Moses observed when he was in his grave? Yes, they were: So did Joshua, who was, in his place, as faithful as Moses in his. He left nothing undone (Hebrew, he removed nothing) of all that the Lord commanded Moses. Those that leave their duty undone do what they can to remove or make void the command of God, by which they are bound to do it; but Joshua, by performing the precept, confirmed it, as the expression is, Deuteronomy 27:26. Joshua was himself a great commander, and yet nothing was more his praise than his obedience. Those that rule others at their will must themselves be ruled by the divine will; then their power is indeed their honour, and not otherwise. The pious obedience for which Joshua is here commended respects especially the command to destroy the Canaanites, and to break down their altars and burn their images, Deuteronomy 7:2-5; Exodus 23:24; 34:13. Joshua, in his zeal for the Lord of hosts, spared neither the idols nor the idolaters. Saul’s disobedience, or rather his partial obedience, to the command of God, for the utter destruction of the Amalekites, cost him his kingdom. It should seem Joshua himself gives this account of his most careful and punctual observance of his orders in the execution of his commission, that in all respects he had done as Moses commanded him; and then it intimates that he had more pleasure and satisfaction in reflecting upon his obedience to the commands of God in all this war, and valued himself more upon that, than upon all the gains and triumphs with which he was enriched and advanced.”

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