Joshua 1:13: The Commitment of the Transjordanian Tribes, Part 2

Verse 13:[1]  Remember (Num. 32:17-33; Josh. 22:2-4) the word which Moses the servant of the LORD commanded you, saying, The LORD your God hath given you rest, and hath given you this land.

[Remember, זָכוֹר]  To remember,[2] that is, it behooves you to remember (Lapide).  The infinitive mood is in the place of the imperative (Masius, Malvenda, Drusius).  Or, Remember, O triple Tribe.  It is an enallage,[3] either of tense, or number (Lapide).  Singular in the place of the plural (Vatablus).  Remember ye (the Chaldean in Vatablus).

Remember his charge to you, and your promise to him, which they were obliged to keep; and Joshua was to see that they did so.

[He hath given rest]  In the beginning, He commemorates the most agreeable things, whereby He gains for Himself their hearts.  And, when it is come to hard things, But ye shall pass before, etc.,[4] He flies across so quickly that He appears with one word both to wound and to heal their mind.  With such skill He weaves the admonition.  Quiet, that is, a place of quiet, and that altogether safe (Junius).  He gave to you quiet settlements (Vatablus).

Rest, that is, a place of rest, as that word signifies:  see on Genesis 49:15.

[1] Hebrew: זָכוֹר֙ אֶת־הַדָּבָ֔ר אֲשֶׁ֙ר צִוָּ֥ה אֶתְכֶ֛ם מֹשֶׁ֥ה עֶֽבֶד־יְהוָ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם֙ מֵנִ֣יחַ לָכֶ֔ם וְנָתַ֥ן לָכֶ֖ם אֶת־הָאָ֥רֶץ הַזֹּֽאת׃

[2] זָכוֹר is formally infinitive.

[3] That is, the use of one grammatical form in the place of another.

[4] See verse 14.

1 thought on “Joshua 1:13: The Commitment of the Transjordanian Tribes, Part 2

  1. Matthew Henry: “He reminds the two tribes and a half of the obligations they were under to go over Jordan with their brethren, though they left their possessions and families on this side. Interest would make the other tribes glad to go over Jordan, but in these it was an act of self-denial, and against the grain; therefore it was needful to produce the agreement which Moses had made with them, when he gave them their possession before their brethren (Joshua 1:13): Remember the word which Moses commanded you. Some of them perhaps were ready to think now that Moses was dead, who they thought was too hard upon them in this matter, they might find some excuse or other to release themselves from this engagement, or might prevail with Joshua to dispense with them; but he holds them to it, and lets them know that, though Moses was dead, his commands and their promises were still in full force. He reminds them…of the advantages they had received in being first settled: “The Lord your God hath given you rest. He has given your minds rest; you know what you have to trust to, and are not as the rest of the tribes waiting the issue of the war first and then of the lot. He has also given your families rest, your wives and children, whose settlement is your satisfaction. He has given you rest by giving you this land, this good land, of which you are in full and quiet possession.” Note, When God by his providence has given us rest we ought to consider how we may honour him with the advantages of it, and what service we may do to our brethren who are unsettled, or not so well settled as we are. When God had given David rest (2 Samuel 7:1), see how restless he was till he had found out a habitation for the ark, Psalm 132:4, 5. When God has given us rest, we must take heed of slothfulness and of settling upon our lees.”

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