Joshua 12:7: Kings Conquered by Joshua, Part 1

Verse 7:[1] And these are the kings of the country (Josh. 11:17) which Joshua and the children of Israel smote on this side Jordan on the west, from Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon even unto the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir; which Joshua gave unto the tribes of Israel for a possession according to their divisions…

[These are the kings of the land] Kings, that is, Petty Kings. Formerly the Lords of individual cities were called Kings, as is witnessed by Aristotle in his Politics 3, Strabo in his Geography 16, and Pliny in his Natural History 6:9 (Lapide). Such were these: but unto every city were pertaining towns, villages, and country districts (Masius, Drusius, similarly Lapide, Vatablus).

[From Baal-gad] From the plain of Gad (Vatablus). Thus Jonathan everywhere explains בַּעַל/Baal when it is joined with the name גָּד/Gad (Munster).

[1] Hebrew: וְאֵ֣לֶּה מַלְכֵ֣י הָאָ֡רֶץ אֲשֶׁר֩ הִכָּ֙ה יְהוֹשֻׁ֜עַ וּבְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל בְּעֵ֤בֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן֙ יָ֔מָּה מִבַּ֤עַל גָּד֙ בְּבִקְעַ֣ת הַלְּבָנ֔וֹן וְעַד־הָהָ֥ר הֶחָלָ֖ק הָעֹלֶ֣ה שֵׂעִ֑ירָה וַיִּתְּנָ֙הּ יְהוֹשֻׁ֜עַ לְשִׁבְטֵ֧י יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל יְרֻשָּׁ֖ה כְּמַחְלְקֹתָֽם׃

1 thought on “Joshua 12:7: Kings Conquered by Joshua, Part 1

  1. Matthew Henry: ‘The limits of the country he conquered. It lay between Jordan on the east and the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and extended from Baal-gad near Lebanon in the north to Halak, which lay upon the country of Edom in the south, Joshua 12:7. The boundaries are more largely described, Numbers 34:2, etc. But what is here said is enough to show that God had been as good as his word, and had given them possession of all he had promised them by Moses, if they would but have kept it.’

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