Joshua 12:8: Kings Conquered by Joshua, Part 2

Verse 8:[1] (Josh. 10:40; 11:16) In the mountains, and in the valleys, and in the plains, and in the springs, and in the wilderness, and in the south country; (Ex. 3:8; 23:23; Josh. 9:1) the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites…

The wilderness: this word here and elsewhere in Scripture notes not a land wholly desert and uninhabited, but one thin of inhabitants, as 1 Kings 2:34; 9:18; Matthew 3:1, 3.

[Was the Hittite and the Amorite, etc. (thus Pagnine, Tigurinus, Munster): they refer to these are the kings, verse 7 (Bonfrerius), הַחִתִּי וגו״] The Hittite (Septuagint, Jonathan, Syriac), supply, he gave (Arabic). [They refer to the preceding, he gave for a possession (Septuagint, Jonathan).] Others: the words of the Hittites, etc., are attached to the noun, Kings, which is to be repeated (Masius). Others: the land of the Chittæus (Junius and Tremellius), that is, of the Chittæi (Piscator).

[1] Hebrew: בָּהָ֣ר וּבַשְּׁפֵלָ֗ה וּבָֽעֲרָבָה֙ וּבָ֣אֲשֵׁד֔וֹת וּבַמִּדְבָּ֖ר וּבַנֶּ֑גֶב הַֽחִתִּי֙ הָֽאֱמֹרִ֔י וְהַֽכְּנַעֲנִי֙ הַפְּרִזִּ֔י הַחִוִּ֖י וְהַיְבוּסִֽי׃

1 thought on “Joshua 12:8: Kings Conquered by Joshua, Part 2

  1. Matthew Henry: ‘The various kinds of land that were found in this country, which contributed both to its pleasantness and to its fruitfulness, Joshua 12:8. There were mountains, not craggy, and rocky, and barren, which are frightful to the traveller and useless to the inhabitants, but fruitful hills, such as put forth precious things (Deuteronomy 33:15), which charmed the spectator’s eye and filled the owner’s hand. And valleys, not mossy and boggy, but covered with corn, Psalm 65:13. There were plains, and springs to water them; and even in that rich land there were wildernesses too, or forests, which were not so thickly inhabited as other parts, yet had towns and houses in them, but served as foils to set off the more pleasant and fruitful countries.

    The several nations that had been in possession of this country—Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, etc., all of them descended from Canaan, the accursed son of Ham, Genesis 10:15-18. Seven nations they are called (Deuteronomy 7:1), and so many are there reckoned up, but here six only are mentioned, the Girgashites being either lost or left out, though we find them, Genesis 10:16 and 15:21. Either they were incorporated with some other of these nations, or, as the tradition of the Jews is, upon the approach of Israel under Joshua they all withdrew and went into Africa, leaving their country to be possessed by Israel, with whom they saw it was to no purpose to contend, and therefore they are not named among the nations that Joshua subdued.’

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