Joshua 14:13, 14: Caleb’s Inheritance, Part 8

Verse 13:[1] And Joshua (Josh. 22:6) blessed him, (Josh. 10:37; 15:13; Judg. 1:20; see Josh. 21:11, 12; 1 Chron. 6:55, 56) and gave unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance.

[Joshua blessed him] To bless signifies three things in Scripture. 1. To entreat from God good things for another: 2. To congratulate on account of the good things that one now possesses: 3. To grant good things. All which appear to concur here. For, 1. Joshua asked good things for Caleb: 2. He commends him on account of the matters nobly conducted: 3. He consigned the possession of Hebron to him (Bonfrerius). He blessed, that is, he prayed all prosperity for him (Lapide out of Tostatus, Drusius): he approved his petition, and granted Hebron to him (Junius): he commended the courage and virtue of Caleb (Montanus and Vatablus in Lapide). To him he granted what things he was soliciting: unless one should think that some solemn rite is here signified, by which he assigned Hebrew to him. Which sort of rite courts now call investiture (Masius).

[And he delivered Hebron to him] Objection: But Hebron was given to the priests, Joshua 21:11, 13. Response: By Hebron here are understood the fields and villages that were previously close to Hebron (Munster, Vatablus, similarly Drusius, Bonfrerius). Going by the name of Hebron was not only that part of the mountain on which was Kirjath-arbe, but that whole region. For Debir also is reckoned as given with Hebron, as we shall soon hear (Masius).

Joshua either, 1. Prayed to God to bless and help him according to his own desire. Or, 2. Acknowledged his praiseworthy carriage in the matter of the spies, and the reasonableness of his request. Or, 3. Consented to his desire, and, as it follows, gave it to him; as God’s blessing is oft put for his actual conferring of favours upon men.


Verse 14:[2] (Josh. 21:12; 1 Mac. 2:56[3]) Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto this day, because that he (Josh. 14:8, 9) wholly followed the LORD God of Israel.

[1] Hebrew: וַֽיְבָרְכֵ֖הוּ יְהוֹשֻׁ֑עַ וַיִּתֵּ֧ן אֶת־חֶבְר֛וֹן לְכָלֵ֥ב בֶּן־יְפֻנֶּ֖ה לְנַחֲלָֽה׃

[2] Hebrew: עַל־כֵּ֣ן הָיְתָֽה־חֶ֠בְרוֹן לְכָלֵ֙ב בֶּן־יְפֻנֶּ֤ה הַקְּנִזִּי֙ לְֽנַחֲלָ֔ה עַ֖ד הַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה יַ֚עַן אֲשֶׁ֣ר מִלֵּ֔א אַחֲרֵ֕י יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃

[3] 1 Maccabess 2:56:  “Caleb for bearing witness before the congregation received the heritage of the land.”

1 thought on “Joshua 14:13, 14: Caleb’s Inheritance, Part 8

  1. Matthew Henry: ‘Joshua grants his petition (Joshua 14:13): Joshua blessed him, commended his bravery, applauded his request, and gave him what he asked. He also prayed for him, and for his good success in his intended undertaking against the sons of Anak. Joshua was both a prince and a prophet, and upon both accounts it was proper for him to give Caleb his blessing, for the less is blessed of the better. Hebron was settled on Caleb and his heirs (Joshua 14:14), because he wholly followed the Lord God of Israel. And happy are we if we follow him. Note, Singular piety shall be crowned with singular favours.’

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