Joshua 15:52-60: The Cities of Judah, Part 7

Verse 52:[1] Arab, and Dumah, and Eshean…


Verse 53:[2] And Janum (or, Janus), and Beth-tappuah, and Aphekah…

[Aphekah] This was the name of several cities in Canaan (Masius). One was Asherite, concerning which Joshua 12:18; 13:4. This one in Judah appears to be near to Beth-tappuah[3] (Malvenda).


Verse 54:[4] And Humtah, and (Josh. 14:15; 15:13) Kirjath-arba, which is Hebron, and Zior; nine cities with their villages…


Verse 55:[5] Maon, Carmel, and Ziph, and Juttah…

Maon; of which see 1 Samuel 23:25; 25:2.

[Carmel] It is Nabal’s country, roughly ten miles from Hebron (Masius). It is diverse from that maritime and most famous mount Carmel of the lot of Asher (Malvenda).

Carmel; Nabal’s country, 1 Samuel 25. Ziph; which gave its name to the neighbouring mountain, 1 Samuel 26:1.


Verse 56:[6] And Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah…

[Zanoah, וְזָנוֹחַ] But this was among the cities of the plain.[7] Therefore, that one was diverse, and pehaps near the other, situated in a more elevated place: just as it was said concerning the two Socohs[8] (Masius).


Verse 57:[9] Cain, Gibeah, and Timnah; ten cities with their villages…


Verse 58:[10] Halhul, Beth-zur, and Gedor…

[Bessur[11]] Hebrew: Beth-zur.[12] There were two in the tribe of Judah (Malvenda out of Jerome).


Verse 59:[13] And Maarath, and Beth-anoth, and Eltekon; six cities with their villages…


Verse 60:[14] (Josh. 18:14) Kirjath-baal, which is Kirjath-jearim, and Rabbah; two cities with their villages…

[1] Hebrew: אֲרַ֥ב וְרוּמָ֖ה וְאֶשְׁעָֽן׃

[2] Hebrew: וְיָנִ֥ים וּבֵית־תַּפּ֖וּחַ וַאֲפֵֽקָה׃

[3] Beth-tappuah was about eight miles northwest of Hebron.

[4] Hebrew: וְחֻמְטָ֗ה וְקִרְיַ֥ת אַרְבַּ֛ע הִ֥יא חֶבְר֖וֹן וְצִיעֹ֑ר עָרִ֥ים תֵּ֖שַׁע וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן׃

[5] Hebrew: מָע֥וֹן׀ כַּרְמֶ֖ל וָזִ֥יף וְיוּטָּֽה׃

[6] Hebrew: וְיִזְרְעֶ֥אל וְיָקְדְעָ֖ם וְזָנֽוֹחַ׃

[7] Verse 34.

[8] Verses 35 and 48.

[9] Hebrew: הַקַּ֖יִן גִּבְעָ֣ה וְתִמְנָ֑ה עָרִ֥ים עֶ֖שֶׂר וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן׃

[10] Hebrew: חַלְח֥וּל בֵּֽית־צ֖וּר וּגְדֽוֹר׃

[11] Thus the Vulgate.

[12] Hebrew: בֵּית־צוּר.

[13] Hebrew: וּמַעֲרָ֥ת וּבֵית־עֲנ֖וֹת וְאֶלְתְּקֹ֑ן עָרִ֥ים שֵׁ֖שׁ וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן׃

[14] Hebrew: קִרְיַת־בַּ֗עַל הִ֛יא קִרְיַ֥ת יְעָרִ֖ים וְהָֽרַבָּ֑ה עָרִ֥ים שְׁתַּ֖יִם וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן׃

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