Verse 10: (Judg. 1:29; see 1 Kings 9:16) And they drave not out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer: but the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites unto this day, and serve under tribute.
[He was dwelling in Gezer] Note that these Canaanites, especially near the shore of the sea, fortified themselves to such an extent that by the Judahites, although they were especially willing, they were not able to be conquered. For an example may this Gezer be, that David was not able to make his own: But Pharaoh finally took it, 1 King 9:16. Which narration the Septuagint has in this place (Tirinus). Now, this came to pass from the Ephraimites’ idleness, and impiety (Masius), and from avarice (Tirinus). For these cities were perpetually thronged by diverse nations for the purpose of conducting trade (Masius). And for the sake of filthy lucre they were tolerated by the Ephraimites, who nevertheless were contaminated with their wickedness. And Ephraim said, Yet I am become rich: that is to say, I care nothing for the wickedness, as long as I grow rich on their tribute (Tirinus). See what things are on Judges 1:29 (Bonfrerius).
The Canaanites were not driven out until Solomon’s time, 1 Kings 9:16.
[Unto this day] Namely, unto the times of Solomon [as has already been said (Malvenda)]. Moreover, this clause was added, not by Joshua, but by another; since this happened after the death of Joshua (Bonfrerius).
[As a tributary] So also in Joshua 17:13; 1 Kings 9:16. It is likely that the laws imposed on them were ascribed to Adam and Noah (Grotius).
Under tribute, as Joshua 17:13; 1 Kings 9:16.
 Hebrew: וְלֹ֣א הוֹרִ֔ישׁוּ אֶת־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֖י הַיּוֹשֵׁ֣ב בְּגָ֑זֶר וַיֵּ֙שֶׁב הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֜י בְּקֶ֤רֶב אֶפְרַ֙יִם֙ עַד־הַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֔ה וַיְהִ֖י לְמַס־עֹבֵֽד׃
 Hosea 12:8.