Verse 3: And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, (Judg. 18:9) How long are ye slack to go to possess the land, which the LORD God of your fathers hath given you?
[How long will ye be weak with lethargy, מִתְרַפִּים] The Hithpael Conjugation either intensifies the signification, and denotes a great and shameful idleness (Malvenda); or, signifies that the cause of the idleness was to be found in themselves (Masius). Are ye slow, remiss, negligent (Vatablus); will ye act remissly (Junius and Tremellius). Are ye of a remiss spirit, and are not entering to possess the land (Vatablus)?
How long are ye slack, etc.: This slackness is supposed to arise, partly, from their dissatisfaction in the portions already allotted, Judah’s being too large, as it appeared, and Joseph’s too narrow as they complained; partly, from an opinion of the impossibility of making any regular and equal distribution of the parts, till the whole were better known, and more exactly surveyed, which accordingly is here done; and partly, because being weary of war, and having sufficient plenty of all things in their present condition, they grew slothful and secure, and were unwilling to run into new hazards and wars, as they perceived, by Joshua’s answer to the tribe of Joseph, Joshua 17:15, etc., they were likely to do when they entered upon their several possessions.
 Hebrew: וַיֹּ֥אמֶר יְהוֹשֻׁ֖עַ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל עַד־אָ֙נָה֙ אַתֶּ֣ם מִתְרַפִּ֔ים לָבוֹא֙ לָרֶ֣שֶׁת אֶת־הָאָ֔רֶץ אֲשֶׁר֙ נָתַ֣ן לָכֶ֔ם יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֥י אֲבֽוֹתֵיכֶֽם׃
 רָפָה signifies to relax.