Verse 14: And he said, Nay; but as captain (or, prince; see Ex. 23:20; Dan. 10:13, 21; 12:1; Rev. 12:1; 19:11, 14) of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua (Gen. 17:3) fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant?
[Who answered, Not at all, וַיֹּ֣אמֶר׀ לֹ֗א] And he said, Not (Montanus, Jonathan, Vatablus, Drusius), understanding, am I for your adversaries (Vatablus, Drusius). I am not even a man, etc. (Drusius). He said, Neither (Junius and Tremellius). Neither Hebrew, nor Canaanite (Masius, similarly Junius and Tremellius, Drusius). Others: And he said to him (Septuagint, Syriac). They read לוֹ/lo, to him, in the place of לֺא/lo/not (which the Masorah notes to have been done fifteen times), certainly not altogether absurdly (Masius).
He said, Nay, I am neither Israelite nor Canaanite.
[Prince of the host of the Lord] He says these things so that He might acquire authority and confidence for the things to be said in the following chapter (Masius). Question 1: What is the host of the Lord here? Response: Either, 1. the Host of Israel (Lyra, Tostatus in Bonfrerius, Masius, Drusius). The Twelve Tribes are called the host of the Lord, Exodus 12:41 (Drusius). Thus they are called because they were sent by the Lord to do vengeance with respect to the Canaanites (Lyra). Thus the people of the Lord and the people of Israle are synonyms (Drusius). Or, 2. the Angels, the ministers of God: for these are called the host of heaven, 1 Kings 22:19; 2 Chronicles 18:18; Luke 2:13 (Bonfrerius). Or, 3. Prince of the host, in the place of, Prince of the hosts; the singular in place of the plural. The hosts of the Lord are all creatures, both heavenly and earthly (Drusius). Question 2: Who then is this Prince, etc.? Response: He is Michael, to whom the care of the Israelites was entrusted, Daniel 10:21; 12:1 (Hebrews in Masius, thus Vatablus, Drusius, Lapide, Bonfrerius, Grotius). Moreover, 1. Some maintain that this is an Angel (thus Lapide, Bonfrerius, Serarius, Montanus, Tirinus). That certain Angels in heaven are princes is consistent with Daniel 10:13 (Masius). And each nation has its own particular Angel, who watches over it (Drusius). The arguments for this opinion are: 1. God is wont to administrate the world through means, and indeed through Angels, who are ministering spirits, Hebrews 1:14 (Serarius). 2. Inasmuch as He calls Himself the Prince of the host of the Lord, He distinguishes Himself from the Lord (Bonfrerius). 3. Angels appeared everywhere in the Old Testament; Genesis 18 and 19. See Hebrews 13:2; Exodus 3, compared with Acts 7:30, 53; Galatians 3:19 (Serarius, Bonfrerius). 2. Others maintain that this is Christ (thus Masius, Junius, Drusius, many of the Fathers in Serarius); who is rightly called an Angel, since through Him God the Father communicated with mortals concerning all things ever since the creation and fall of Adam. The ancient Jews thought almost the same thing. Thus Rabbi Moses Gerundensis Nahmanides (Fagius). That Angel, says he, is the redeemer Angel, who is the Face of God, Exodus 33:14. But the Face of God signifies God Himself, as all interpreters acknowledge. Concerning Him it is said, My Name is in Him. Thus Gerundensis. But the name of God is the very essence of God: for this is signified by the name Jehovah, which, as it is peculiarly His own, God revealed to Moses. But He is called an Angel because He governs the world. Again, Gerundensis. It is certain that the face of God went before the Israelites, Exodus 33:14, 17; and that this face was God Himself: and rightfully Christ is so called, who is the most express Image of the Father, Hebrews 1:3. Now, Christ accompanied them, 1 Corinthians 10:4. Additionally, that God, not an Angel, was dwelling in the bush, is evident from this, that Moses implored His favor for Joseph, Deuteronomy 33:16, while yet every perfect gift is from God, James 1:17. The same that is called an Angel was also God, Genesis 48:15, 16. For who does not know that all blessing is to be sought from God alone as the source (Masius)?
[And now I come] Now, or just now, I have come (Montanus, Jonathan, Syriac, Junius and Tremellius, Masius). This expression indicates an immediately present and most remarkable help, and that He came upon a great matter; as in Daniel 9:22, 23; 10:11, 14 (Malvenda). By my singular, albeit invisible, power I am going to defend you (Lapide).
Captain of the host of the Lord; either, 1. Of all creatures in heaven and earth, which are God’s hosts. Or, 2. Of the angels, who are called the host of heaven, 1 Kings 22:19; 2 Chronicles 18:18; Luke 2:13. Or, 3. Of the host or people of Israel, which are called the Lord’s host, Exodus 12:41. The sense is, I am the chief Captain of this people, and will conduct and assist thee and them in this great undertaking. Now this person is none other than Michael the Prince, Daniel 10:21; 12:1; not a created angel, but the Son of God, who went along with the Israelites in this expedition, 1 Corinthians 10:4; not surely as an underling, but as their Chief and Captain. And this appears, 1. By his acceptance of adoration here, which a created angel durst not admit of, Revelation 22:8, 9. 2. Because the place was made holy by his presence, Joshua 5:15, which was God’s prerogative, Exodus 3:5. 3. Because he is called the Lord, Hebrew, Jehovah, Joshua 6:2. What saith my lord unto his servant? I acknowledge thee for my Lord and Captain, and therefore wait for thy commands, which I am ready to obey.
 Hebrew: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר׀ לֹ֗א כִּ֛י אֲנִ֥י שַׂר־צְבָֽא־יְהוָ֖ה עַתָּ֣ה בָ֑אתִי וַיִּפֹּל֩ יְהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ אֶל־פָּנָ֥יו אַ֙רְצָה֙ וַיִּשְׁתָּ֔חוּ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֔וֹ מָ֥ה אֲדֹנִ֖י מְדַבֵּ֥ר אֶל־עַבְדּֽוֹ׃
 Hebrew: שַׂר.
 The Masorah is the body of the scribal notes of the Massoretes, the mediæval Jewish scribes responsible for the preservation and propagation of the traditional text of the Hebrew Scriptures.
 Exodus 33:14: “And he said, My presence (פָּנַי, my face) shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest.”
 Exodus 23:21.
 The name Jehovah, יְהוָה, is derived from the verb of being, הָיָה. See Exodus 3:14: “And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM (אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֶֽהְיֶ֑ה): and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM (אֶהְיֶה) hath sent me unto you.”
 Hebrew: עַתָּ֣ה בָ֑אתִי.