Verse 22: And Joshua called for them, and he spake unto them, saying, Wherefore have ye beguiled us, saying, (Josh. 9:6, 9) We are very far from you; when (Josh. 9:16) ye dwell among us?
[Joshua called the Gibeonites] Hitherto the deliberation of the Israelites was among themselves, neither was anything done with the Gibeonites: but what things were decided by the common counsel of the Princes and also the assent of the people, these are only now declared by Joshua before the guilty (Masius).
Verse 23: Now therefore ye are (Gen. 9:25) cursed, and there shall none of you be freed from being (Heb. not be cut off from you) bondmen, and (Josh. 9:21, 27) hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God.
[Under a curse] Ye are cursed (Junius and Tremellius). We have discovered that ye are of the number of those nations that God cursed (Junius). Onerous servitude is a certain sort of curse, that is, of evil-doing and punishment (Lapide). Under a curse, that is, of servitude, doomed to vile employment (Menochius).
Ye are cursed; you shall not escape the curse of God, which by Divine sentence belongs to all the Canaanites, who are a people devoted by God to ruin, but only change the quality of it; you shall feel that curse of bondage and servitude, which is proper to your race by virtue of that ancient decree, Genesis 9:25; you shall live indeed, but in a poor, vile, and miserable condition.
[There shall not fail, etc., (thus the Septuagint, Syriac, Arabic, Junius and Tremellius), וְלֹֽא־יִכָּרֵ֙ת מִכֶּ֜ם עֶ֗בֶד] Not shall be cut off (or, shall be blotted out [Vatablus]) from you a servant (Montanus, Vatablus), that is, servants (Jonathan, Vatablus); that is to say, Ye shall always be servants, etc., that is, before the division of the Holy Land (Vatablus). The right belongs to the victor to punish those surrendered, as having become subjects. On account of their deceit they are sentenced to servile works, as formerly the Bruttii were by the Romans (after whose similitude those that were performing servile duties for Magistrates were called Brutiani), because the Bruttii had surrendered themselves to Hannibal, and had continued with him right until he withdrew from Italy. To carry water is servile, as Athenæus testifies (Grotius).
There shall none of you be freed from being bondmen; the slavery which is upon you shall be entailed to your posterity.
[For the house of my God] But of this there was no mention in the deliberation, but, of the whole assembly. But it is likely that those most holy Princes had regard to the holy house especially (for they were not able to serve the assembly, after the people were separated unto their possessions); but, when they applied that speech to them to quiet the souls of the people, they were prudently setting forth that servitude that was going to be useful and advantageous to the people (Masius).
Hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God: this only service they mention here, because it was their principal and most durable servitude, being first in the tabernacle, and then in the temple, whence they were called Nethinims, 1 Chronicles 9:2; Ezra 2:43; whereas their servitude to the whole congregation would in a great measure cease when the Israelites were dispersed to their several habitations.
 Hebrew: וַיִּקְרָ֤א לָהֶם֙ יְהוֹשֻׁ֔עַ וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אֲלֵיהֶ֖ם לֵאמֹ֑ר לָמָּה֩ רִמִּיתֶ֙ם אֹתָ֜נוּ לֵאמֹ֗ר רְחוֹקִ֙ים אֲנַ֤חְנוּ מִכֶּם֙ מְאֹ֔ד וְאַתֶּ֖ם בְּקִרְבֵּ֥נוּ יֹשְׁבִֽים׃
 Hebrew: וְעַתָּ֖ה אֲרוּרִ֣ים אַתֶּ֑ם וְלֹֽא־יִכָּרֵ֙ת מִכֶּ֜ם עֶ֗בֶד וְחֹטְבֵ֥י עֵצִ֛ים וְשֹֽׁאֲבֵי־מַ֖יִם לְבֵ֥ית אֱלֹהָֽי׃
 Hebrew: וְלֹֽא־יִכָּרֵ֙ת מִכֶּ֜ם.
 During the Second Punic War (218-201 BC), the Bruttii of southern Italy allied themselves with Hannibal. After Hannibal was forced to withdraw, for their treachery the Bruttii were reduced by the Romans to a state bordering on servitude.