Chapter 6:2: The Captain’s Battle Plan, Part 1

Verse 2:[1] And the LORD said unto Joshua, See, (Josh. 2:9, 24; 8:1) I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the (Deut. 7:24) king thereof, and the mighty men of valour.

[The Lord said] Through the Angel (Grotius, Drusius, similarly Lapide, Bonfrerius). According to these the name of the one sending is placed upon the one sent, for the sake of authority. Or, the Lord, יְהוָה/Jehovah, which is the name of the Divine essence:[2] Which previously was the Prince of God’s host. Divine operations not rarely in the Sacred Books through a change of the names of God are secretly and covertly distinguished by the variety of persons (Masius).

[Behold, רְאֵה] See (Masius). Listen carefully (Vatablus). If I be not mistaken, it intimates that the hope and confidence of the General are already gradually breaking up. For it appears to communicate the signification of a victory unhoped for (Masius).

[I have given] He lays claim to a complete victory (Masius).

[Jericho] In this place, not the city, but its citizenry (that is, its citizens [Malvenda]) is signified, since Jericho, and its King, and its mighty men are mentioned (Masius, thus Drusius).

[Mighty men] Hebrew: men of might,[3] that is, most famous for their martial character (Vatablus).

Jericho, and the king thereof, and the might men of valour: Who are in it, resolved and ready to defend it with their utmost strength.

[1] Hebrew: וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־יְהוֹשֻׁ֔עַ רְאֵה֙ נָתַ֣תִּי בְיָֽדְךָ֔ אֶת־יְרִיח֖וֹ וְאֶת־מַלְכָּ֑הּ גִּבּוֹרֵ֖י הֶחָֽיִל׃.

[2] The name יְהוָה/Jehovah is derived from the verb of being, הָיָה.

[3] Hebrew: גִּבּוֹרֵ֖י הֶחָֽיִל׃.