Joshua 5:12: The Manna Ceases, Part 2

Verse 12:[1] And (Ex. 16:35) the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more; but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year.

[And it failed[2]] The Vulgate follows the Septuagint, as it is wont to do. It is rather to be translated, it ceased (Masius, Vatablus), that is, it ceased to fall like rain (Masius).

[After they ate, מִֽמָּחֳרָ֗ת בְּאָכְלָם֙] Verbatim: from tomorrow, in the eating of them (Vatablus); on the next day, after which they ate (Jonathan); on the following day while they were eating (Vatablus, Pagnine), or, after they had begun to eat (Munster, similarly Tigurinus); after this day, when they had eated (Syriac); on that day, because they had eaten (Arabic); on this day, after they consumed (Septuagint). Question: On what day? Response 1: Some understand it of the same day as the preceding verse, whether it was the fifteenth, or the sixteenth. Concerning this I have no doubt (Masius, thus Tostatus in Serarius). But the Jews maintain that it was the day following the day mentioned above: For the Manna did not cease on the day that the sheaf was offered: For the people had need of it at that time also, since they had not yet harvested any crops. But in an exceedingly fruitful region the old grain was not able to be wanting, and perhaps they carried some with them from the plains of Moab (Masius). Response 2: Others say that the Manna ceased on the seventeenth day (Serarius, Bonfrerius, Vatablus and the Rabbis in Serarius). 1. For the Manna did not cease before they began to eat of the produce of the land: This was not before the ears were offered to God: These were not offered before the customary hour of the daily sacrifice, that is, a little before the peak of the day: But the Manna was falling at night, and was gathered in the morning:[3] Therefore, the Manna had still come down on the sixteenth day. 2. It does not say, as previously, the day following the Passover; but, the day following, namely, following that day of which it is said, the day following upon their eating[4] (Serarius). God withdraws the Manna, 1. Because now there was an abundance of other food (Serarius, Bonfrerius, Menochius, Masius): lest the heavenly gift should be held in contempt by ungrateful men, because even in their very necessity they did not esteem it with a sufficiently grateful soul (Masius). Extraordinary things cease, when there is a place for the ordinary things, say the Jurisconsults (Grotius). 2. So that all might understand that Manna did not fall by the natural climate of the air, like hail, etc., but from the mere generosity of God (Masius).

God now withheld the manna, 1. To show that it was not an ordinary production of nature, as by the long and constant enjoyment of it they might be prone to think; but an extraordinary and special gift of God to supply their necessity. 2. Because God would not be prodigal of his favours, nor expose them to contempt by giving them superfluously, or by working miracles where ordinary means were sufficient. On the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn, that is, on the seventeenth day.

[Of Canaan] Here it is named, because in verses 10 and 11 he speaks of the fruits carried from Gilead. Thus many interpreters (Masius).

[1] Hebrew: וַיִּשְׁבֹּ֙ת הַמָּ֜ן מִֽמָּחֳרָ֗ת בְּאָכְלָם֙ מֵעֲב֣וּר הָאָ֔רֶץ וְלֹא־הָ֥יָה ע֛וֹד לִבְנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל מָ֑ן וַיֹּאכְל֗וּ מִתְּבוּאַת֙ אֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן בַּשָּׁנָ֖ה הַהִֽיא׃

[2] Hebrew: וַיִּשְׁבֹּת. שָׁבַת signifies to cease.

[3] See Exodus 16.

[4] Joshua 5:12a:  “And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eatenמִֽמָּחֳרָ֗ת) בְּאָכְלָם֙) of the old corn of the land…”